Fabaceae:

beans and peas

 

Family: Fabaceae (The Legume Family)


Genus: Phaseolus


Phaseolus beans are sensitive to cold temperatures and frost. They should be planted after all danger of frost is past in the spring and soil temperatures reach 60°F. Plant seeds of bush beans 2 to 4 inches apart in rows 24 inches apart. Plant seeds of pole beans 4 to 6 inches apart in rows 30 to 36 inches apart along a fence; or in hills around a pole (four to six seeds per hill) 30 inches apart. Beans are mostly self-pollinating so you should be able to save seed from particular plants in the row. For seed crops, let the bean pods dry right on the plant until late fall. If the climate has high humidity or your crop is in danger of being blanketed by snow, pull the plants and hang them upside down in a shed or other protected location with good air circulation. When the pods are brittle dry you can shell them.



LIMA aka Butterbeans (Phaseolus lunatus)

Blend- POLE LIMA BEAN MIX
Many of the limas in our mix are pre-Columbian and quite untampered with.  While modern breeding has centered on bush lima beans with cream or green seeds for the processing industry, we focus on the these gems that are harvested off our deer fence.  They are worth growing for the sheer diversity and beauty of the dry seed and you may just find something new in lima flavor.  Pkt. (20 seeds)



web source on limas:

http://nwrec.hort.oregonstate.edu/lima.html



RUNNER BEAN  (Phaseolus coccineus)


BLEND- English Runner Bean Mix

Rich soil, cool weather and ample moisture allow the European/English Runner Beans to produce bumper crops.  We collect the best of the white and red flowering kinds which can put on quite a show when trellised, I do like the display of flowers; but the best part is in the production of the long tender crisp green pods.  No Scarlet Runner here, these are mostly modern developments for the very best eating quality- juicy, flavorful and mostly stringless. Spray them with water during high temperatures, mulch, keep them from drying too much. This group is apt to attract pollinating insects which do have the ability to allow crossing to occur. Pkt. (15 seeds)



web source on runner beans:

http://www.gardenhive.com/vegetables/runnerbeans/grow/



Common Garden Bean aka French Bean, String Beans, Dry Beans, Bush Bean, Pole Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)


BLEND- Bush Garden Beans (round and flat pod)

We put together quite a selection of bush garden beans (dwarf french) from many sources including our own production of the more unusual kinds.  Look at each plant for the qualities that you admire and save the seed of those that you like the most for replanting next season. Mostly green, some yelllow (wax) and purple pod; all stringless kinds, very good quality pods. Pkt. (50 seeds).



web sources on beans:

http://www.hort.cornell.edu/gardening/homegardening/scenef57c.html

http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/library/hort2/MF2076.PDF


BLEND- Pole Bean Blend

The garden wouldn't be the same without climbing pole beans.  The diversity of this blend will delight you.  Narrow and wide pods, purples, yellows, greens and striped kinds.  All of the varieties have been selected for their good flavor and high yields.  Harvest the pods young and often for the best quality and extended harvest.  Provide poles or a fence to climb on. Make note of your favorites so that you can target them especially for your future seed crop.  There are over a dozen varieties in this mix. Pkt. (40 seeds)

 


Selection: Blue Ribbon Bush

Wide pods on sprawling bushes.  Long Island Seed Company introduced these to US gardeners in 1982. Pkt. (30 seeds)



BLEND- Dry Bean Blend- Bush or Sprawling Bush

These are field beans from a trial we conducted of P. vulgaris kinds.  There are 10 or more kinds of dry beans that are often grown in the mid-Atlantic zone 7 including a few rare kinds of cattle beans.  Some of the seeds are quite striking in color pattern.  These beans are soaked and used in rice and beans, baked beans, bean soup, chili, etc.  They have different flavors and culinary consistency.  This is a kind of blend to see whether you can grow and get a good harvest from one of the beans in this blend...if you do, save and multiply the seed for an eventual sustainable yield. Pkt. (50 seeds)



web sources on dry beans:

http://extension.usu.edu/files/publications/publication/HG_Garden_2005-08.pdf

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/articles/ji-beans.html


Genus: Glycine


SOYBEAN, EDAMAME (Glycine max)




BLEND- Edamame Mix

For edible soybeans pull the plump green pods off the plants and dump into a kettle of salted boiling water.  When the pods are soft enough to squeeze out the beans, toss the plants onto newspaper placed over the picnic table outdoors and gather around with friends.  Sort of like eating boiled peanuts in the American South, this long standing Japanese custom which is becoming popular here does differ.  Guests jump right in and harvest the soft pods off the plants. This mix includes the most productive of Mindy Blocks harvest.  Mindy gardens in Port Jefferson, NY.  We blend several kinds. Discover the best edamame for your growing conditions.  Watch date to harvest, length of harvest, growth and productivity, ease of shelling and flavor.  Do your own evaluations but always allow some pods to remain to ripen, dry and produce seed so you can save the best for the next planting.  These are soybean varieties developed especially for edamame. Pkt. (40 seeds)


Edamame is one of a number of new crops that you can download pdf’s for at the University of Kentucky  and Rutgers sites:

http://www.uky.edu/Ag/NewCrops/intro.html

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/ncnu02/v5-432.html

http://www.njaes.rutgers.edu/pubs/download-free.asp?strPubID=FS041


Genus: Pisum


Garden Pea; Shell Pea (Pisum sativum)

Hardy Annual. Sow early. Plants withstand light frost, germinate at low temperatures. Mostly self pollinating.


  BLEND- Garden Pea Blend

English peas, shell them and enjoy them.   I can't help but open the pods in the garden to nibble on the fresh, tender little green peas.  All wrinkled seeded and sweet. Vines can be self supporting, less than 24" to 36” but they do best with a net fence.  Leave a few pods on the most productive plants to ripen for seed.  Once you save the seed from this crop, next year's planting from your saved seeds will just get better. Pkt. (50 seeds)




Selection- Petite Pois

Tiny peas are sweet and have a delicate flavor. Our own production. Pkt. (30 seeds)



Blend- Early Rustic Mix (soup peas)

This is a blend of short vine (do not need support) smooth seeded peas that are very early. While many folks use these in the green stage as early shelling peas or to make a fresh pea soup; others allow the pods to dry to produce dry peas for storage. Pkt.  (40 seeds)


web source on peas:

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/cropfactsheets/pea.html


Edible Pod Pea; Snap Pea


Blend: Dwarf Snap Pea

Vines are generally less than 30”.  These are plump podded sweet peas that can be de-stringed and eaten whole. Pkt. (40 seeds)





   BLEND-Monk's Madness Snow Pea

These are some of the peas that Gregor Mendel probably worked with and which produce nice snow peas harvested when flat and before pea seeds develop much. Yellow, Purple and Green pods in one packet. The purple is beautiful but not sweet but will look great in stir-fry with the others. Yellow is bright and refreshing and we have several interesting green podded kinds for the sweetness.  Harvest young for maximum tenderness.  All provide a nice garden snack and quickly stir-fry. These require a fence or netting of 48" or more to support tall vines.  Pkt. (40 seeds)

     


How to Grow Beans and Peas:

http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/abstract.php?seriesno=PNW+495

http://nwrec.hort.oregonstate.edu/snowpea.html

http://www.hort.cornell.edu/gardening/homegardening/scene9697.html


Genus: Vigna

Tender Annual. Prefers warm soil and growing conditions.

YARDLONG BEAN (Vigna unguiculata)


    BLEND-Yard Long Bean Blend- Climbing

These are a kind of cowpea (Vigna) that have been selected for their long thin green (or red-purple) beans in the Orient. They are of excellent flavor and tenderness when harvested young (12-24" long) before pods swell with the developing seed.  These do very well on Long Island's sandy soils, better when irrigated.  Their productivity is greatest during the hot summer days. Versitile, tender leaves can be cooked as a potherb, long and thin tender green beans are good steamed or stir-fry (loop into knots and bows for culinary art) and seeds are protein rich.  Seed crops are quite easy to produce on Long Island and we maintain about 10 different kinds. Pkt. (30 seeds)

  


Blend: Bush Yardlong

The restrained growth of these plants allow growing these without support such as a fence of bamboo sticks.  We grow an asian kind called “Stickless Wonder” and also Italian and American Vigna’s that produce tender edible pods when they are harvested young (10” and pencil diameter). Pkt. (30 seeds)


web source on asparagus bean:

http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_viuns2.pdf.





Genus Vicea



FAVA BEAN aka Broad Beans, Horse Bean (Vicia faba)

Hardy annual. Sow early or transplant. Withstands light frost.
Fava Beans have an interesting upright growth, totem pole-like. They can reach 2 feet or more in height. There are some types that have a tendency to branch but most don't. Their flowers and young leaves are edible but they're favored by some for their shelled green beans and dry beans. The flowers are typical legume with the same self pollination tendency as garden peas although crossing can occur especially if plants of different varieties are in close proximity.  Sow the seeds early before the days grow too hot.

 
   
 

Blend: Fava Bean Mix

An assortment of European fava beans from our collection; some raised as local seed crops. Pkt. (20 seeds)


web sources about various beans:

http://www.vegetablegardener.com/item/2785/how-to-grow-favas-the-cool-season-bean

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/1492/legume_human.html#Cowpea

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/proceedings1990/V1-391.html#Multi-purpose


Updated 2-10

 

Pole Lima Bean Seed, Runner Bean Seed, Garden Beans, Pole Beans, Asparagus Bean, Garden Pea Seed, Edamame Seed, Fava Bean Seed