Brassica:

broccoli and cabbage

 

Family: Brassicaceae (The Mustard Family)


Genus: Brassica


Broccoli aka Calabrese (Brassica oleracea-botrytis group)

Half hardy annual.


  BLEND- Broccoli Blend

We produced the first broccoli blend for gardeners in 1979 and marketed it through Long Island Seed Company.  It consisted of early, midseason and late kinds.  Gardeners liked the idea but the federal government didn't since LI Seed failed to list the specific percentages of each variety in the packet by weight; the rest is history.  Now, it seems that every seed company markets a broccoli blend!  This experimental blend includes some unusual kinds such as late purple and sprouting kinds (annual) contributed by Lieven David who has been breeding traditional annual broccoli with English Sprouting kinds and Kailaan crosses. There are dozens of kinds including some hybrids. Pkt. (50 seeds)



web sources on the culture of broccoli and cole crops:

http://www.hort.cornell.edu/gardening/homegardening/scene91d8.html

http://www.hort.purdue.edu/rhodcv/hort410/cole/co00002.htm


Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea)


Blend- Cauliflower

There are many European kinds in this mix including early maturing and late fall kinds.  Besides the typical white curd kinds there are also broccoli-cauliflower crosses that produce compact heads of different colors and also spiral forms such as Romanesco.  Does not include the loose beaded kinds that we include in the broccoli blend.  Pkt. (40 seeds)


web sources on cauliflower culture:

http://www.hort.cornell.edu/gardening/homegardening/scene595b.html

http://nwrec.hort.oregonstate.edu/cauliflower.html


Kailaan- Chinese Kale (Brassica oleracea)


Blend Kailaan

Kailaan is a stem broccoli which produces thick, tender stems which are harvested along with the small broccoli heads in bud stage and even when the buds begin to show their white flower color.  Not rapas like Broccoli- Raab but a group that is considered a true broccoli and can cross with broccoli.  Kailaan was crossed with a broccoli to produce the tender stemmed “broccolini” sometimes seen in gourmet produce markets.  The Chinese clearly took their breeding in a different direction than the Italians! Pkt. (50 seeds)


BRUSSELS SPROUTS (Brassica oleracea- gemmifera group)

Hardy/half hardy biennial.


BLEND- Brussels Sprouts Blend

We found a treasure trove of sprout varieties including heirlooms and hybrids and have assembled a blend which even includes some purple types mostly as a curiosity (not known for being very productive).  Find the ones that do the best for you, eat some of the sprouts if you wish but not all and root cellar the plants to over-winter and set out for seed production the next year.  The “sprouts” will produce the flower shoots next spring.  See what you can develop if you want. Pkt. (50 seeds)





Heirloom CV- Long Island Brussels Sprouts

I liked the old Long Island Brussels Sprouts available when I was a kid. It had a shorter stalk that a lot of modern varieties and always grew well, producing large firm very fine flavored sprouts. Somehow present strains just don't seem the same but we'll let you be the judge. This is seed is from a new seed source for us as we continue our quest to find the Long Island sprout we remember. Pkt. (100 seeds)


wen sources on brussels sprouts:

http://www.hort.cornell.edu/gardening/homegardening/scene2520.html

http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil-6.html


Cabbage (Brassica oleracea)

Hardy/Half Hardy biennial.



BLEND- Early Cabbage Blend

Cabbages of all kinds, early and mid season, mostly green plain leaved but also pointed, round  and drumhead.  Sow some seed early, some seed in mid-summer, they mature in 55-80 days.  Over winter your very best and grow them out for seed in the second year.  Let them cross for more diversity if you want or isolate your best ones to grow a seed crop.  Pkt. (100 seeds)


BLEND- Late Cabbage Blend

These are considered the standard storage hard-headed winter storage cabbage.  Generally, they are planted in summer to mature in the fall.  There is more diversity in the late cabbages with reds and savoys in addition to the greens and grays. These have maturity dates of 80-120 days or more. Pkt. (100 days)


web sources on growing Brassicas:

http://www.nevegetable.org/index.php/crops/brassica

http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/library/hort2/mf1108.pdf


HEIRLOOM CV- January King

This is a beautiful winter hardy cabbage from England.  Late and develops a purple blush in cold weather.  Flanders Bay Farm seed. Easy seed crop.  Pkt. (40 seeds)



Chinese Cabbage (Brassica rapa-campestris, B. pekinenis)

Half hardy Annual


BLEND-Chinese Heading Cabbage Mix

We were happy to discover these great barrel, round or cylindric head cabbages with fairly compact self-blanching hearts. Shred for slaw or stir-fry. Discover their versatility. We have over a dozen cultivars that we mix for you to experiment with and we do mean experiment.  You will have to determine the cultural practices that allow you to bring these to the best quality.  Many kinds will bolt unless grown as a quick crop under the cooler days before frost, few will succeed in summer heat.  Is there one kind in your diverse planting that does well for you; then, separate it out to produce seeds.  Pkt. (100 seeds)


web source on chinese cabbage:

http://www.hort.cornell.edu/gardening/homegardening/scene5290.html


Collards (Brassica oleracea)

Hardy biennial.


COLLARDS


BLEND- Collard Mix

Loosely heading, semi-heading and non-heading leafy cabbages (collards) which have good flavor and tenderness characteristics. These are nice early on when very young and then again when the cooler frosty weather sets in.  We have made up a mix for trial, evaluation and possible seed production in the second year depending on your interests.  Interesting material including some southern european "leaf cabbages". Pkt. (40 seeds)


Heirloom CV: Southern Greasy Collard (aka Green Claze)

An interesting small collard with bright and glossy green leaves instead of the gray green of other collards.  Known for good disease and insect resistance. Produces on Flanders Bay Farm since 1983.  Easy seed crop.  Pkt. (40 seeds)



web source on collards:

http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil-8012.html


Kale aka Scotch Kale, Russian Kale, Scotch Kale, Ornamental Kale, Siberian Kale (Brassica napus, Brassica oleracea)

Hardy/Half Hardy biennial.



MULTILINE CROSS-Mostly Red Kale

These are compact, curly leaved scotch kales and the result of crosses made at Flanders Bay Farm in 04/05 and in 07/08 when we over-wintered bright green and brilliant red/purple hybrids.  They will develop the best color and flavor after the fall frosts and can be quite attractive into the winter. We noticed that the F1 generation produced 80% purple-red fall color with minor greens and bluegreens (not all crosses).  See if you can over-winter the best and develop an even more diverse seed crop.  Very winter hardy. Pkt. (40 seeds)



BLEND- Diversity Kale

This is a mixture of kales from around the world that have ruffled and smooth leaves, tall and compact plants, many colors and growth forms including some that are considered so beautiful as to be considered ornamental. All edible and particularly so, after frost. Lieven David, a hobby breeder in Belgium send us seeds of his crosses which add additional diversity to this blend and some terrific genetics and we also secured a Black Kale/Purple cross from Frank Morton’s Gathering Hands Farm in Oregon.  There may be a minor amount of decorative leafy collards in here as well. A traditional winter meal of boiled kale and potatoes turns into a feast when the leftovers are chopped and spiced up a bit, then fried up in a butter/olive oil blend like one would prepare hash browns. Pkt. (40 seeds)



  CV- Cavalo nero (Black Kale, Dinosaur Kale)

A very beautiful, deep gray-green colored, easy to grow and productive kale.  The leaves are large enough to harvest one at a time to make a plate of kale.  Enjoy it at young stages but for me, I wait until after the first frost and then harvest it into the cold of winter.  Very hardy and improves in flavor as it grows colder. Pkt. (100 seeds)


CV: De Lustof Fodder Kale

Lieven David sent us seed of what he calls a "Fodder Kale", the kind of kale that is grown mostly for livestock, chickens love these kinds of greens when there isn't much else to forage. Lieven is a backyard plant breeder in Belgium. He explained, "My fodder kale story is like this: two plants emerged on my field 4 years ago. My only reasonable explanation, after eliminating all other options: some bird must have sown them. These kales grew 1 m tall, and they had white flowers. They may have come from some OP or F1 somewhere, but then there weren't any fodder kale seed crops nearby. Anyway, these two plants produced a nice load of seeds. The next generation turned out to be exactly the same...quite a lot of Lusthof customers are growing this fodder kale, and perhaps saving seeds." . Interesting!  Plants grow very large and produce a plant which is very collard like. The greens are used like collards and are very hardy.  My thought is that it looks a lot like Hanover Salad (Brassica napus), which is sometimes grown in the US South.  These are original breeder seeds. Pkt. (40 seeds)


Brassica oleracea L. (Gongylodes group)


Blend:  Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi is grown in gardens throughout the United States for the turnip-like enlargement of the stem just above ground level. Cabbage-like leaves on long stems arise from the top and sides of the round, root-like stem. The enlargement is tender and succulent, if rapidly grown and harvested.  Before kohlrabi is eaten, the peel is removed, and the interior is diced and boiled. The swollen stem also may be eaten raw, and leaves are edible. Pkt. (100 seeds)


web source on kohlrabi:

http://nwrec.hort.oregonstate.edu/kohlrabi.html



Updated 2-10

 

Seeds of:  Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kailaan, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage, Collards, Kale