Apiaceae: carrots, parsnip, celery and fennel


Family: Apiaceae (Parsley Family)

Genus: Apium

Celery is a Hardy/Half hardy biennial. Sow the seed early indoors and transfer the plants out in spring. Slow growers at first, they require care. Celery enjoys rich, moist (but well drained) soils. They are tolerant of a light frost and can be over-wintered with protection such as mulching or earth mounding or may be root cellared. They will produce small flowers in small umbellate clusters and copious seed. An easy seed crop. Insect pollinated.

Celery aka stalk celery, blanching celery, self blanching celery (Apium graveolens)

BLEND- Stalk Celery Mix

A blend of stalk (petiole) celery varieties with very good quality petioles. We continue to work with this blend of modern and heirloom types from many sources to select for mild, sweet flavor, tender stalks and vigor under our cultural practices. We make this blend from about a dozen varieties that we have (mostly from Europe) including some rare kinds we raise seed crops of here at Flanders Bay Farm. Pkt. (200 seeds)

web sources on growing celery:



Herb Celery aka cutting celery, leaf celery (Apium graveolens)

BLEND- Herb Celery Mix 

Small bushy plants of thin stalks and many leaves characterize this group used for their aromatic leaves. Some varieties have mild, tender stalks. Flavor is variable. Easy to grow compared to stalk celery. European and asian cutting celerys are included as well as crosses made on the farm. Pkt. (200 seeds)


Celeriac aka knob celery, root celery. Apium graveolens)

BLEND- Knob Celery Mix

Good storage ability, root cellar. Find the best kinds for your particular growing style and environment. Needs an early start to mature roots. Produces a bulbous solid root which is much enjoyed by those who have tried it. Europeans shred it raw, fry it, bake it, boil and mash it; very versatile. Pkt. (100 seeds)

Genus: Daucus

Carrot (Daucus carota) Hardy biennial. Sow in the spring in the open ground. Tolerant of frosts. Roots can be harvested and root cellared for replanting and seed crops or left in the ground and mulched depending on climate. Insect pollinated. Easily crosses with wild carrot (D. carota) which will reduce root quality.

BLEND- Orange Standards

Best commercial carrots, orange color, some variety of shapes, variable adaption to soil types and climate fresh eating, summer and fall harvest, some winter storage kinds. Many different strains of Danvers, Nantes, Chantenay, Kuroda and more.  Select your best roots to over-winter and plant out for seed the second year. This is the diversity you need to find the best performing type for your soil and growing conditions Pkt. (400 seeds)

Blend- Early Carrots

These carrots are the ones that mature in less than 65 days.  They should be grown quickly under the best conditions for tender, sweet flavor.  These are snacking types and can range in shape from long finger carrots to little squat Paris types.  This blend was used in our breeding project to cross with our Carrot Color Mix to produce the Early Sweet Snack Color Mix featured below. Pkt. (400 seeds)

BLEND- Carrot Color Mix

Our own mix of commercial whites, creams, yellows, red and purple carrots with a minor percentage of orange in this blend make this an especially nice complement blend to the "orange standards". We are surprised at the availability of these carrots from such a great number of breeders but not the popularity. In the early 1980's the Long Island Seed company was hybridizing Afghan Purple and Belgium White to put into their "carrot mix" Pkt. (200 seeds)

Multiline Cross-  Early Sweet Snack Color Mix

The objective of this breeding project was to cross colorful carrots from many sources with the sweetest early maturing snacking types (for harvest in less than 65 days).  You can see the 65 day harvest picture below and also many of the smaller carrots that didn’t make the cut. Fresh carrot flavor was better than anticipated in our 2009 growout. First and second generation hybrids and selfs. (100 seeds)

web sources of carrot information:




Genus: Foeniculum

Fennel is a hardy biennial or perennial which will produce seed the first season if planted early.

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) aka fenocchio, florence fennel, anise fennel

BLEND- Fennel  (Florence Fennel)

There have been some selection of bulb fennels in southern Europe where isolated regions raise their own favored selections.  Many of the varieties we blend will produce inflated leaf stem (petiole) bases sometimes improperly called "bulbs" which are sliced and used raw or cooked as one might use carrot strips or celery. The "bulb" fennels can also be used as herb fennels or wild fennels used to flavor greek dishes, sauces, and soups. Select your best for seed. Pkt. (150 seeds)

web source for fennel:


Genus: Pastinaca

Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)

Hardy Biennial- sow seed early outdoors, winters over in the garden or root cellar and replant in spring for seed crop the following year. Insect pollinated.

BLEND-Parsnip Mix

an interesting blend of parsnips that are of very good culinary quality. We find them very useful in stews or oven-roasted during the winter. When they're prepared properly, you can't find a tastier treat. We have a good seed crop we produced at the farm. Fresh seed is essential each year but is very easy to produce quality seed. Pkt. (100 seeds)

web source on culture of parsnip:


Genus:  Anethum

Dill aka Dillweed, Herb Dill (Anethum graveolens)

CV- Long Island Mammoth Dill

A historically important dill selection developed on the many Long Island farms that produced for the large pickling industry that existed here in the 19th and early part of the 20th century and supplied Boston and New York City with pickled cukes, cabbage, cauliflower, peppers and green tomatoes.  Large, robust plants with strongly aromatic seed heads and foliage.  Seed produced at Flanders Bay Farm.  Pkt. (200 seeds)

Updated 2-10


Celery, Celeriac, Herb Celery, Carrot, Fennel, Parsnip, Dill Seeds